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Ebook Tartuffe by Molière read! Book Title: Tartuffe
The author of the book: Molière
ISBN 13: No data
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 794 KB
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Loaded: 2031 times
Reader ratings: 6.6
Edition: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia
Date of issue: 2008
ISBN: No data

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Tartuffe adalah drama komedi klasik lima babak karya Molière (dramawan Prancis) yang bercerita tentang seorang munafik bernama Tartuffe yang berpura-pura menjadi suci, sangat taat dan selalu mengatasnamakan Tuhan atas segala yang ia lakukan. Orgon, bangsawan kaya di Paris adalah salah satu korbannya. Tartuffe mengincar harta warisannya dan bermaksud mengawini putri tunggalnya dengan dalih agar karunia Tuhan selalu hadir di rumahnya. Apa yang akan dilakukan Tartuffe untuk merayu Orgon? Akankah Orgon terbius oleh tipu daya Tartuffe?

Ketika pertama kali dipentaskan tahun 1664, drama ini berhasil membuat para petinggi agama di Prancis seperti kebakaran jenggot. Di Indonesia, Teater Populer, pada Agustus 1969, 305 tahun kemudian, memainkan lakon yang sama di bawah arahan sutradara Teguh Karya. Drama komedi ini pernah dipentaskan oleh Teater Koma arahan Nano Riantiarno di Indonesia pada Juli 2004, dalam bentuk sinergi dengan Sadewa Tunggal (Wayang Jawa) yang berjudul Republik Togog. Komedi yang ditulis dengan sederhana ini dinilai mampu menyentil dan dirasa sesuai dengan kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia waktu itu.

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Read information about the author

Ebook Tartuffe read Online! Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his stage name, Molière, was a French playwright and actor who is considered one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known dramas are Le Misanthrope, (The Misanthrope), L'Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives), Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite), L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge (The Miser), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman).

From a prosperous family and having studied at the Jesuit Clermont College (now Lycée Louis-le-Grand), Molière was well suited to begin a life in the theatre. Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped to polish his comic abilities while he also began writing, combining Commedia dell'Arte elements with the more refined French comedy.

Through the patronage of a few aristocrats including the brother of Louis XIV, Molière procured a command performance before the King at the Louvre. Performing a classic play by Pierre Corneille and a farce of his own, Le Docteur amoureux (The Doctor in Love), Molière was granted the use of Salle du Petit-Bourbon at the Louvre, a spacious room appointed for theatrical performances. Later, Molière was granted the use of the Palais-Royal. In both locations he found success among the Parisians with plays such as Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected Ladies), L'École des maris (The School for Husbands) and L'École des femmes (The School for Wives). This royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title "Troupe du Roi" (The King's Troupe). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.

Though he received the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticisms from moralists and the Church. Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) and its attack on religious hypocrisy roundly received condemnations from the Church while Don Juan was banned from performance. Molière's hard work in so many theatrical capacities began to take its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan. He finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. In his time in Paris, Molière had completely reformed French comedy.

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